A study published in JAMA Pediatrics found that infants given antacids or antibiotics were at increased risk of developing allergies as children.
The study analyzed the records of 792,130 children covered by a military health insurance program and followed their progress for an average of four and a half years.
It found that infants six months and younger given commonly prescribed antacids for GERD (gastroesophageal reflex) like H2 blockers and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) were more than twice as likely to develop food allergies as children with an especially high propensity for developing milk allergy. Infants given antibiotics had a 14% increased risk for food allergy, a 51% increased risk for anaphylaxis, and more than double the risk for asthma.
“This study adds to the mounting evidence that agents that disrupt the normal intestinal microbiome during infancy may increase the development of allergic diseases,” the researchers write.
“Thus, this study provides further impetus that antibiotics and acid-suppressive medications should be used during infancy only in situations of clear clinical benefit.”